The Balcova hot springs are located on the site of the Baths of Agamemnon, known in antiquity for the therapeutic qualities of the waters. According to a legend, Agamemnon was advised by an oracle to bring soldiers who had been wounded during the campaign against Troy to the sulfur-rich waters of these natural hot springs. Balcova is situated to the west of the Aegean port of Izmir.


The Balcova hot springs flow from two exploratory wells at a rate of 28 litres per second. The facilities can accommodate 3,456 bathdays and 3,456 beds on the basis of 600 litres per person per day per bath.

Physio-chemical characteristics and indications:

The Balcova hot springs are composed of sodium chloride and calcium bicarbonate. With 62 to 80 C water temperature and 6.4 PH, Balcova hot springs contain 1,369 mg/lt minerals.

These hot springs are recommended for the treatment of rheumatic diseases, digestive maladies, post-injuries and post-operational problems, calcification and metabolic disorders.

Treatments and accommodation

The Balcova hot baths complex, with a total capacity of 1,000 person per day., provides hot mineral pools and baths, offers patient therapy pool, sauna, massage, underwater massage, physical exercise, electro-therapy and physical therapy. The complex incorporate a three-star hotel with 435 beds, a four-star hotel with 624 beds and a new park.

Climatic conditions

Altitude: 25 m

Months and average monthly temperatures (C)

9 10 11 16 20 25 28 27 23 18 14 11

Number of sunny and partly-cloudy days

20 18 23 23 26 27 30 31 30 28 25 22

Relative humidity

76 73 69 66 63 55 52 52 58 67 75 76

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