The Maltese archipelago consists of three inhabited islands: Malta, Gozo and Comino and two other uninhabited islands. They lie in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea with Malta 58 miles south of Sicily and 163 miles north of North Africa. The total area of the islands is 196 square miles.
The longest distance in Malta, from the southeast to the northwest, is about 17 miles and, at its widest point, measures 9 miles.
Malta has neither mountains, nor rivers. The island is characterized by low lying hills with terraced fields on the slopes.
Malta's coastline has many natural harbors, bays, creeks, sandy beaches and rocky coves. The length of Malta's shoreline is 85 miles.
Main Seaport: Grand Harbour, Valletta
Airport: Luqa (3.7 miles from Valletta)
Gozo, the island of the nymph Calypso is smaller than Malta, its sister island, and has a character quite distinct from it. The countryside is greener and more spectacular, with flat-topped hills characterizing the landscape, while the coast has rugged cliffs, penetrated by steep valleys and beautiful bays. Gozo is more rustic and quieter than Malta. It is 9 miles long and 4.4 miles at its widest point.
Capital: Rabat (Victoria)
Main Seaport: Mgarr
There is no airport on Gozo, however Xewkija Heliport is located 1.5 miles from Victoria.
Comino is the smallest island in the Maltese archipelago. Only a handful of farmers live there and neither cars, nor other noisy activities disturb the peaceful tranquility of this little paradise. There is only one cozy beach hotel. If you are in your element in or beside the sea, Comino offers vacationers the ideal setting.
The many bays and rocks in Comino and the crystal-clear waters are ideal for any kind of water sports, especially snorkeling and scuba diving. There is regular ferry service to, and from, Malta and Gozo.
The climate in Malta is warm and inviting. There are no biting winds, fog, snow or frost.
Rain falls only for very short periods, averaging about 20 inches annually.
The temperature averages 57.5 degrees Fahrenheit in winter (Nov-Apr) and 89.6 degrees Fahrenheit during the summer (May-Oct).
The sun shines for an average of 6.46 hours per day in winter and 10.11 hours during summer.
The hottest period is from mid-July through mid-September.
The island is seldom too hot, even at the height of summer, as hot summer days and nights are regularly tempered by cool sea breezes.