Israel is a small country in a world of big science and technology and, like many other small countries, it has sharply defined policies towards scientific and technological activities in order to enhance its competitiveness. In science, Science Graphic Israel aims to maintain a minimal international level of quality achievement across the broad spectrum of scientific fields, while encouraging the establishment of centers of excellence around outstanding scientists and in areas of vital concern to the development of the industrial sector. International cooperation has played a major role in this effort by facilitating the extension of scientific resources and expert knowledge at Israel's disposal. In technology, Israel strives for high performance mainly through specialization, concentrating national efforts on a limited number of areas and organizations.

The percentage of Israel's population engaged in scientific and technological inquiry as well as the amount spent on research and development (R&D), in relation to the size of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP), are among the highest in the world; and, relative to the size of the labor force, Israel has by far the largest number of publishing authors in the natural sciences, engineering, agriculture and medicine.

The percentage of Israelis engaged in scientific and technological inquiry (76 per 10,000 population) and the amount spent by Israel on research and development (in relation to its GDP), are higher than in most countries.

Number of Patents applied for (on the graph).