Some of the best known monasteries were also founded in the same period in the environs of Athens.
You will find this charming little church near the new Metropolis, in the square of the same name. It is dedicated to Panayia Gorgoepikoos and Ayios Eleftherios. It was built at the end of the 12th century.
Ancient and Byzantine reliefs were used in its construction. On the church's facade, notice especially the Attic calendar of feasts on the ancient frieze, which comes from a monument of the 4th century.
It was used as the Orthodox episcopal See of Athens when the bishops were ousted from the Parthenon, first by the Francs and later by the Turks. From 1839 to 1842 the church was used as a library. The adjoining new Metropolis was built between 1842 and 1862 as the archiepiscopal church of Athens.
This is the little church you will see right in the middle of Ermou Street. A Byzantine cruciform, domed church dedicated to the Presentation of the Virgin Mary (Eisodia tis Theotokou). The initial building belongs to the 11th century, but it was completed in the 13th. Since 1931 it has belonged to the University of Athens.
In old days the church had several names: Camoucharea, Chryssocamouchariotissa , Panayia tis Vasilopoulas (Virgin of the King's daughter). Panayia tou Prenza (Virgin of the Prince). In 1834, when Ermou Street was constructed, there was some thought of transferring the church elsewere, even of demolishing it, because it stood in the way. It was saved by Ludwig of Bavaria. King Otto's father, and Neofytos Metaxas, bishop of Talantion and Vicar of Athens.
This church was rebuilt in the second half of the 11th century, on the foundations of an older church of the 9th century. It was built by Nicolaos Kalomaos who had the Office of Spatharocandidatos (Office in the Byzantine Court).
You will find it in Plaka 's Anafiotika neighbourhood, near the Monument of Lysikrates. It was built in the 11th century and was part of the Palace of the Rangavas family, a member of which, Michael I was Emperor of Byzantium. The whole area around the church was once called Rangavas.
This is the largest medieval structure in Athens. It was built in 1031 as part of a Roman Catholic monastery that survived until 1701. The building was restored by Czar Alexander II in the 1850s, who also offered the belfry. It is now used as the Russian Orthodox Church of Athens.
This little 12th century chapel has a Roman column towering over its roof to which it owes its strange name (kolona: column). Ayios Ioannis the Baptist is thought to be the healer of all sicknesses of the head. Many votive gifts can be seen on the column, offered in thanks for help granted by the ayios.
A very beautiful church of the 11th-12th century. It is a cruciform church at the crossroads of Erotokritou and Erechtheos Streets, in Plaka.
It stands in Kolonaki. The church belongs to the 18th century Moni Petraki, but itself was probably built in the 12th century. Inside the crossdomed church you can see frescos that date from 1719.
Better known as Ayia Sotira, this church is in Plaka, on Kydathenaeon Street, just across from the Museum of Greek Folk Art. It was built in the 11th-12th century and has undergone many alterations and additions through the years.
You will find it on Erechtheos Street. It is a small monastery belonging to the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem. The church of the monastery, Ayioi Anarghyroi, dates from the 17th century.
This is the white church you can see from afar, at the top of Lycavittos Hill. You can reach it either on foot or by the funicular. It is said that in ancient times on this site stood the temple of the Akraios Zeus. During the Frankish occupation its place was taken by a small chapel of Prophetis Elias, which in turn gave its place to Ayios Georgios the Rider. The exact date of its construction is not known. The bell was a gift from Queen Olga, who had found the church in ruins and taken it under her patronage.
One of the many churches you can find in Anafiotika. Tradition says that when the Turks entered the Acropolis, women and children threw themselves down from the cliffs so as not to be captured. The miraculous icon of Panayia saved them all. Since then the church has been a refuge for women and children in peril.
It lies near the monument of Lysikrates. This church was built in the 11th-12th century and stands in the middle of a small palm tree shaded square, in the corner of which you can see the ruins of a Roman monument.
It is a tiny church hidden inside a rock in the middle of Lycavittos Hill. It is built inside a big cave, which the old Athenians called the church of Ayios Sidereas. The church was burnt down in 1930 and was rebuilt in 1931.
One of the most important and richest monasteries in Greece. It is devoted to the Presentation of the Virgin Mary. It was built in AD 1100 above a Roman temple , which was in turn built above an ancient temple in the lonian order , dedicated to the goddesses Demeter and Aphrodite. In the katholikon you can still see the columns of the ancient temple. See the monks' cells, the bath, the kitchen and the chapel of Ayios Antonios.