PHARAONIC MONUMENTS in CAIRO


Wall inscriptions (Old Kingdom)

MEMPHIS

Memphis, the oldest capital of Egypt, was built by King Menes, and lies 24 kms south-west of Cairo, in Al-Badrasheen.


SAQQARA

Saqqara is the oldest Ancient Egyptian cemetery. It lies on a desert plateau, south-west of Cairo. Above rises the step-pyramid and mortuary compound, built by the engineer Imhotep for King Zoser the first of the III Dynasty pharaohs. It is of the mastaba-type. The pyramid is composed of six receding mastabas on top of each other. The later pyramid builders developed this concept into the familiar even-sided pyramids. The step-pyramids measures 123.5 by 107 m., at the base and about 59 m. in height.



THE MASTABAS

Saqqara is noted for the mastaba-type tombs of the nobles, the most prominent of which are the tombs of V and VI Dynasty nobles. The tomb walls bear inscriptions showing the daily life of Ancient Egyptians, such as: farming, animal breeding, hunting, as well as religious rites and the offering of sacrifice to the dead.


Cheops' Pyramid by night

THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA

Located about 10 kms from Cairo, and comprise: