ISLAMIC MONUMENTS in CAIRO
MOSQUE OF AMR IBN AL-'AAS (Al-Fustat)
It was the first mosque built in Egypt. It is simple in design and represents schools of architecture from different periods.
MOSQUE OF AHMED IBN TULOUN
The third mosque built in Egypt. It is characterized by its spacious grounds and its unique minaret, with spiral external stairs and a large collection of gypsum decoration.
The first Fatimid mosque in Cairo. It was founded in Middan Hussein by Gawhar al-Sikilli in 971 as both a mosque and Madrasah (school), after Fatma al-Zahraa, the daughter of the Prophet Mohammed. It is considered to be the oldest Islamic University. The first lecture was given in 975.
MOSQUE AND MADRASAH OF SULTAN HASSAN
Located at the end of Al-Qala' (citadel) St., it was founded by Al-Malek Al-Nasser Hassan Bin Mohammed Bin Qalavon to be a mosque and madrasah for the four schools.
MOSQUE OF AL-MUAYID
Located in Al Mu'ez St., Gammaleya. It was built in 1474. Its minaret rising above one of the City gates which was built in 1091.
THE BLUE MOSQUE
Located in Tibbanah Street. It was founded by Prince Aqsunqur Al-Nassery, in 1347. The mosque was named 'Blue' because of the splendid blue mosaic on its walls.
THE ALABASTER MOSQUE (Mosque of Mohammed Ali)
It was built in 1830 on the northern elevated part of the citadel, visible to all parts of Cairo. It was so named because its walls are faced with alabaster on both sides.
- OTHER ISLAMIC BUILDINGS -
FORTRESS OF SALAH AL-DIN AL-AYYUBI (The Citadel)
Built by Slah al-Din al_Ayyubi in 1183 overlooking the city of Cairo from the Muqattam Hills. It houses a number of important monuments including the Mosque of Soliman Pasha, the Alabaster Mosque, the 90 meters deep Bir Yusuf (Joseph's Well) and Al-Gawhara Palace.
HOUSE OF GAMAL AL-DIN AL-DHAHABI
Located in Al-Ghoureya. It is an example of Arab buildings of the early 17th century.
HOUSE OF AL-SEHEIMI
Located in Darb al-Asfar. It was founded in 1796 and constitutes another example of Islamic architecture.