MEDITERRANEAN CIVILIZATIONS


Liman Tepe


Cultural Environment

The bear figurine, Middle Bronze Age Liman Tepe has its cultural ties with Panaztepe, which is located at the mouth of the river Gediz (Hermos), and Bayrakli Hoyugu, located on the east of the bay of Izmir. When architectural and small finds are taken into consideration, it becomes evident that cultural relations spread over a much larger area. By about the middle of the 3rd millenium B.C. (earlier phases have not yet been studied), the Balkans, central Anatolia, the western regions of the Aegean sea including Mainland Greece, as well as Crete were in contact with Liman Tepe. Relations with overseas cultures are important for maritime history, such cultures can only be reached by advanced sea-transport.

During the second millenium B.C., a cultural union with central Anatolia was achieved. Apart from this, cultural relations had also been established with the Eastern Mediterranean. Finally, during the 14th century B.C. Liman Tepe welcomed a Mycenaean colony from mainland Greece, and thus had to serve as a bridge between the east and the west.


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