THE STADIUM (Ephesus)
The main Stadium was located to the south of the Vedius Stadium. The spectators' seats on the south was resting on the slopes of the Mount Pion (Panayirdag). The seats on the northern section were placed on the heightened vaulted galleries. There was a monumental entrance gate to the Stadium on the west.
Other than the sports activities and ceremonies, gladiator and wild animal fights became very popular especially during the 3rd and 4th centuries (Roman Period). When it was first built in the Hellenistic Age, it was purely used for ceremonies and sports activities. And it was the first of the Hellenistic Age stadiums.
It was given its last shape and mainly enlarged during the Roman Emperor Neron's reign in the 1st century A.D.
During the following centuries as the Christianity gained momentum, the Stadium was destroyed mainly by the Christians as a revenge to their suffering and massacres in the past in this Stadium by Roman rulers of the city.
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