THE HARBOR GYMNASIUM AND BATHS (Ephesus)
These are the largest group of architectural structures in Ephesus. The Gymnasium was consisting of two large palaestras (sports field) a number of baths, classes and meeting rooms.
The Gymnasium was estimated to be built in the 1st century A.D. by Emperor Domitianus (81 - 96 A.D.). The inner walls of the large palaestra which is on the east of the smaller one was covered with marbles by Cladius Verulanus, head priest of Anatolia region.
The Harbor Gymnasium was located between the Theatre Gymnasium and the Harbor. The smaller palaestra which was 90 x 90m. large and located between the large palaestra and the baths. The northern section of this palaestra was allocated for Emperor's Cult. The southern part was for classes and meetings. The baths of the Gymnasium were the closest section of the complex to the Harbor. These baths were built in the 2nd century A.D. and restored during the reign of Constantine in the 4th century.
The larger palaestra was 200 x 240m. large. The whole complex was 360m. long
A nice Roman copy of a bronze 4th century B.C. 'Athletes' Statue', found in the small palaestra, is displayed in the Museum of Vienna.
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