THE AGORA (Ephesus)
This small commercial Agora was first built during Lysimakhos' time (approximately 280 B.C.) next to the Celsus Library. The original structure lies 2-3 m. below the ground today. It is on Curettes Road. The oldest gate to the Agora was on the west side. This gate shows Hellenistic features.
The whole Agora was occupying a large area of 110 x 110 m. in square shape, with shops surrounding a large courtyard except on the north side. Right in front of the shops, there was a stoa (pedestrian walkway covered with a ceiling and surrounded by columns from the courtyard side). The original Agora had granite columns first, but then during a renovation in the Roman time (approximately 4th century A.D.) they were replaced with marble ones. The last form of the Agora was set during Emperor Caracalla (211-217).
The most spectacular section of the Agora was the gate made by two freed slaves of Emperor Augustus. These two men, Mazeus and Mithridates, built this gate with three passages and commemorated to the emperor, his wife, daughter and son-in-law. There are inscriptions written in Latin and Hellenistic languages on the top section of the arched gate-ways indicating the builders and the emperors' family to whom the gate was dedicated. This gate opens to the southeast direction, the Harbour side and the Serapis temple direction.
There used to be a sun and water clock in the middle of the courtyard. The restoration of this Agora has not started yet.
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