THE MAGNESIA GATE (Ephesus)
The road connecting two important centers of the region Ephesus and Magnesia (today called Manisa) entered into the city through this gate. It was built in the 3rd century B.C. ( Hellenistic Age) together with the city ramparts. The excavations are still going on.
During the Roman peace period the gate lost its strategic importance. Roman emperor Vespasianus (69 - 79 A.D.) changed the name of the gate to "The Gate of Honor" and added two more entrances to the gate with and arched look.
There were square shaped towers on both sides of the gate and a courtyard on the city side. If the attackers achieved to break into the gate, they would still be confined into the courtyard which was separated from the city by a second gate for the security reasons. This way the attackers would be trapped and destroyed much easily.
There are tombs in the square which was made of big gray stones in front of the courtyard and the gate. These must have been belonging to the important citizens of the city.
During the late Roman age they built a water canal to the east of this square.
This famous road reaches to Magnesia on one end and to the Artemis temple through to the hills on the other end. It turns back to the city side and connects to the Magnesia Gate.
The road had been repaired during the 2nd century A.D. (Roman period). Although the city seen today was built according to the plans of Miletian architect Hippodamus, this road was not changed because of its sacred nature. The contradiction can easily be seen as you notice the city streets are all perpendicular to each other while this road consists of many curves along the way.
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