undefined undefined undefined undefined undefined
    

To see an alphabetical site map click here

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - Ephesus Menu
    EPHESUS The Foundation of Ephesus The Ionian Uprising Alexander The Great The Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and the Ottoman Era The Archaeological Excavations The City Ramparts of Ephesus The Magnesia...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - Ephesus History
    EPHESUS According to tradition, Efes (Ephesus) , one of the most important cities of antiquity, was founded by Androclos, although it has been established that the Lelegians and Carians inhabited...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE FOUNDATION OF EPHESUS
    THE FOUNDATION OF EPHESUS The earliest clues, indicating to the existence of Ephesus are found from the 14th century Hittite documents. They were mentioning the kingdom of Ahavia and the city of...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE IONIAN UPRISING (Ephesus)
    THE IONIAN UPRISING (Ephesus) By the year 500 B.C. the Persian authority on Ionian cities had weakened. After an unsuccessful attempt by satrap of Sardes (regional governor of Persian controlled...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - ALEXANDER THE GREAT
    ALEXANDER THE GREAT After he pushed the Persians out of Greece, he came to Anatolia through Dardenelles with a strong army. He had 30,000 infantries and 5,000 cavalry. On the other side Ionian strap...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE ROMAN, BYZANTINE, SELJUK AND THE OTTOMAN ERA (Ephesus)
    THE ROMAN, BYZANTINE, SELJUK AND THE OTTOMAN ERA (Ephesus) The strong influence of Roman culture and art became evident on Ephesus as early as 1st century B.C. Especially, during the years of...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS (Ephesus)
    THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS (Ephesus) The first excavations in the ancient city of Ephesus started in 1869. British Railway Engineer J.Wood began searching the Artemis temple with great...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE CITY RAMPARTS OF EPHESUS
    THE CITY RAMPARTS OF EPHESUS The ramparts of the city were built to defend the city from aggressors throughout the history. There are various era signs on the walls. The earliest construction dates...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE MAGNESIA GATE (Ephesus)
    THE MAGNESIA GATE (Ephesus) The road connecting two important centers of the region Ephesus and Magnesia (today called Manisa ) entered into the city through this gate. It was built in the 3rd...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE EASTERN GYMNASIUM (Ephesus)
    THE EASTERN GYMNASIUM (Ephesus) You will encounter the ruins of the Eastern Gymnasium on the Pion mountain side of Magnesia Gate. T his is a huge complex made by Damianus in the 2nd century A.D. for...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE BASILICA (Ephesus)
    THE BASILICA (Ephesus) During the Augustus period, the stoa to the north of the State Agora was converted to a basilica. This was a 160m long building with a wood covered roof. L ater on during the...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE VARIUS BATH (Ephesus)
    THE VARIUS BATH (Ephesus) The bath was first built during the Hellenistic age. It has been enlarged and refurbished during the Roman and Byzantine periods. It is located to the north of the State...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE TEMPLE OF DEA ROMA
    THE TEMPLE OF DEA ROMA (Ephesus) Dea Roma was a Roman era temple built between 4 -14 A.D. next to Odeion. There were columns on both sides of the building. It was used mainly by Romans citizens of...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE STATE AGORA (Ephesus)
    THE STATE AGORA (Ephesus) The first agora was built in the 6th century B.C. in Hellenistic style which is buried approximately 2m below the present Agora today. The information about this one was...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE ODEION (Ephesus)
    THE ODEION (Ephesus) The small theater known as Odeion was built as a political meeting place (bouleuterion) initially. A wealthy family of Ephesus financed the building. There were seats for 1400...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE PRYTHANEION (Ephesus)
    THE PRYTHANEION (Ephesus) An important management center for the religious and ceremonial tasks in the city is named as the Prythaneion. Except the Artemis temple all the other sacred matters are...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE DOMITIAN SQUARE (Ephesus)
    THE DOMITIAN SQUARE (Ephesus) On the road from the Prythaneion to the square there are a number of pedestals with figures of gods and goddesses on them. T he most known ones of these figures belong...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE HOUSE OF VIRGIN MARY (Ephesus)
    THE HOUSE OF VIRGIN MARY (Ephesus) At the end of the road from the Magnesia Gate to the Bulbul mountain ( Mt. Koressos) you will come across the House of Virgin Mary. A ccording to the records of...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE POLLIO FOUNTAIN (Ephesus)
    THE POLLIO FOUNTAIN (Ephesus) The fountain is definitely a stylish work of Roman era. It is known to be erected during the Augustus time (approximately 14 A.D.), to the memory of Sextillius Pollio...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE DOMITIAN TEMPLE (Ephesus)
    THE DOMITIAN TEMPLE (Ephesus) The first temple in the Ephesus dedicated to a Roman Emperor. When Domitianus became an Emperor (81-96 A.D.), he let Ephesus to built the temple dedicated to him. This...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE TRAIAN FOUNTAIN (Ephesus)
    THE TRAIAN FOUNTAIN (Ephesus) The fountain was built around 110 A.D. and dedicated to the Roman Emperor Traian. I t is located around the north end of the Curettes Road, on the east side. It is...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE PERISTYLED HOUSES OF EPHESUS
    THE PERISTYLED HOUSES OF EPHESUS Although the peristyled houses of the Ephesus, which we found mainly around the central locations of the city, were built in the 1st century A.D., they existed until...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE HADRIANUS TEMPLE (Ephesus)
    THE HADRIANUS TEMPLE (Ephesus) After Domitian temple, this is the second one dedicated to a Roman emperor. It was built in 138 A.D. by a citizen of Ephesus, P.Quintilius, and dedicated to the...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE SKOLASTIKIA BATH (Ephesus)
    THE SKOLASTIKIA BATH (Ephesus) The first construction of Skolastikia Bath goes to the 1st century A.D. It was originally a Roman structure. The remains that we see today were from the 4th century...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE SERAPIS TEMPLE (Ephesus)
    THE SERAPIS TEMPLE (Ephesus) This temple was built by Egyptian merchants to the name of god Serapis. It was located next to the small Agora. There used to be a 24m. wide and 160m. long stoa (a...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE MEMMIUS MONUMENT (Ephesus)
    THE MEMMIUS MONUMENT (Ephesus) The monument was erected to the memory of soldier Memmius, the son of Caius and grandson of Dictator Sulla of Roma, in the 1st century A.D. It was dedicated to Memmius...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE AGORA (Ephesus)
    THE AGORA (Ephesus) This small commercial Agora was first built during Lysimakhos' time (approximately 280 B.C.) next to the Celsus Library. The original structure lies 2-3 m. below the ground...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE CELSUS LIBRARY (Ephesus)
    THE CELSUS LIBRARY (Ephesus) The Celsus Library is one of the most spectacular buildings in Ephesus. It was built by the Council Gaius Julius Aquila in 110 A.D. as a memorial for his father Julius...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE MARBLE ROAD (Ephesus)
    THE MARBLE ROAD (Ephesus) The road which encircles the Mount Pion (Panayirdag) is known to be the main road of the city. It was also accepted as the holy road of Ephesus. The section of this road...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE THEATER (Ephesus)
    THE THEATER (Ephesus) The biggest and the most spectacular structure of Ephesus. It was also the most important meeting place in the social and cultural life of the city. T he theater is a large...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE ARCADIAN WAY (Ephesus)
    THE ARCADIAN WAY (Ephesus) The 600m. long and 11 m. wide road between the Theater and the Harbor was first built during the Hellenistic Ages. The final shape to this ceremonial road was given by...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE HELLENISTIC FOUNTAIN (Ephesus)
    THE HELLENISTIC FOUNTAIN (Ephesus) The fountain located just across the Theater facing to the west was built in traditional Ionian style. It is estimated to be built in the 3rd century B.C. T his...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE THEATER GYMNASIUM (Ephesus)
    THE THEATER GYMNASIUM (Ephesus) This Roman era gymnasium was built in the 2nd century A.D. It is located to 100m. north of the Theater. It faces the Harbor road and also the Marble road. O nly the...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE HARBOR GYMNASIUM AND BATHS (Ephesus)
    THE HARBOR GYMNASIUM AND BATHS (Ephesus) These are the largest group of architectural structures in Ephesus. The Gymnasium was consisting of two large palaestras (sports field) a number of baths,...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE STADIUM (Ephesus)
    THE STADIUM (Ephesus) The main Stadium was located to the south of the Vedius Stadium. The spectators' seats on the south was resting on the slopes of the Mount Pion (Panayirdag). The seats on the...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE VEDIUS GYMNASIUM (Ephesus)
    THE VEDIUS GYMNASIUM (Ephesus) One of the best preserved structures of the city. It is known to be built by the wealthy Vedius family of Ephesus, and dedicated to goddess Artemis and Emperor...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE ARTEMIS TEMPLE (Ephesus)
    THE ARTEMIS TEMPLE (Ephesus) The holy goddess Artemis, the most sacred of all in Anatolia, had a long history of evolution going back may be thousands of years. The earliest forms of Artemis statues...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - ISA BEY MOSQUE (Ephesus)
    ISA BEY MOSQUE (Ephesus) This mosque was built in 1375 by the rulers of the western Anatolian principality of Seljuks. It shows the most elegant architectural features of late Seljuk civilization....

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - St. JOHN CHURCH (Ephesus)
    St. JOHN CHURCH (Ephesus) St.John came to Ephesus with Virgin Mary after the apostles were thrown out of Jerusalem. He continued to spread the Christianity after St.Paul was killed in Rome. Most of...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE EPHESUS MUSEUM
    THE EPHESUS MUSEUM This is one of the most important museums in Turkey. It mainly exhibits the pieces found in and around the Ephesus. T he findings before the 1st World War were taken to The Museum...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE LOVE HOUSE (Ephesus)
    THE LOVE HOUSE (Ephesus) The Love House was located behind the Byzantine stoas and the Hadrianus temple. It was right across the Library on the main road. T he building was a typical two storey...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE HARBOUR (Ephesus)
    THE HARBOUR (Ephesus) The rise and the fall of the Ephesus came by the sea. By being the most important port city of Anatolia, the city had reached its peak as a commercial city. T he river Kaystros...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE VIRGIN MARY CHURCH (Ephesus)
    THE VIRGIN MARY CHURCH (Ephesus) The first Christian church ever built for Virgin Mary is located in Ephesus. The first Christian Council meeting about the role of Virgin Mary in Christianity was...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE CAVE OF THE SEVEN SLEEPERS (Ephesus)
    THE CAVE OF THE SEVEN SLEEPERS (Ephesus) This is another holy ground for Christianity. During the first centuries of Christianity an enormous amount of pressure was put on these early followers of...

  • FOCUS on TURKEY - THE HERACLES GATE (Ephesus)
    THE HERACLES GATE (Ephesus) The Heracles gate was built in the 4th century A.D. It was located on the Curettes road. This monumental gate was a two storey building with six columns on each floor....